AZD-9291

Modify Date: 2020-01-06 11:09:00

AZD-9291 Structure
AZD-9291 structure
Common Name AZD-9291
CAS Number 1421373-65-0 Molecular Weight 499.607
Density 1.20.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point N/A
Molecular Formula C28H33N7O2 Melting Point N/A
MSDS N/A Flash Point N/A

 Use of AZD-9291


Osimertinib (AZD-9291) is an irreversible and mutant selective EGFR inhibitor with IC50s of 12 and 1 nM against EGFRL858R and EGFRL858R/T790M, respectively.

 Names

Name azd9291
Synonym More Synonyms

 AZD-9291 Biological Activity

Description Osimertinib (AZD-9291) is an irreversible and mutant selective EGFR inhibitor with IC50s of 12 and 1 nM against EGFRL858R and EGFRL858R/T790M, respectively.
Related Catalog
Target

EGFRL858R:12 nM (IC50, Enzyme assays)

EGFRL858R/T790M:1 nM (IC50, Enzyme assays)

In Vitro Osimertinib (AZD-9291) shows similar potency to early generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKIs) in inhibiting EGFR phosphorylation in EGFR cells harboring sensitising EGFR mutants including PC-9 (ex19del), H3255 (L858R) and H1650 (ex19del), with mean IC50 values ranging from 13 to 54 nM for AZD-9291. Osimertinib (AZD-9291) also potently inhibits phosphorylation of EGFR in T790M mutant cell lines (H1975 (L858R/T790M), PC-9VanR (ex19del/T790M), with mean IC50 potency less than 15 nM[1].
In Vivo The tumor-bearing mice are treated with Osimertinib (AZD-9291) (5 mg/kg/day) for one to two weeks. Within days of treatment, 5 of 5 C/L858R mice displays nearly 80% reduction in tumor volume by magnetic resonance imaging MRI after therapy with Osimertinib (AZD-9291), while 5 of 5 mice treated with vehicle shows tumor growth[1]. Osimertinib (AZD-9291) demonstrates improved rat PK, reduced hERG affinity, and improved IGF1R margins relative to the previously described compounds, and so this compound is selected for further investigation. Osimertinib (AZD-9291) also offers an additional degree of broader chemical and profile diversity when compared to the previously described lead compounds. Upon dosing Osimertinib (AZD-9291) in three efficacy models, The comparable efficacy is observed at relatively low doses (10 mg/kg per day). The excellent efficacy is also observed when Osimertinib (AZD-9291) is dosed at 5 mg/kg per day[2].
Cell Assay PC-9 cells are seeded into T75 flasks (5105 cells/flask) in RPMI growth media and incubated at 37C, 5% CO2. The following day the media is replaced with media supplemented with a concentration of EGFR inhibitor equal to the EC50 concentration predetermined in PC-9 cells. Media changes are carried out every 2-3 days and resistant clones allowed to grow to 80% confluency prior to the cells being trypsinised and reseeded at the original seeding density in media containing twice the concentration of EGFR inhibitor. Dose escalations are continued until a final concentration of 1.5 M Gefitinib, 1.5 M Afatinib, 1.5 M WZ4002 or 160 nM Osimertinib (AZD-9291) are achieved[1].
Animal Admin Mice[1] The EGFRL858R and EGFRL858R+T790M mice (male and female) are used. Osimertinib (AZD-9291) is suspended in 1% Polysorbate 80 and administered via oral gavage once daily at the doses of 7.5 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg, respectively. Mice are imaged weekly at the Vanderbilt University Institute of Imaging Science. For immunoblot analysis, mice are treated for eight hours with drug as described before dissection and flash freezing of the lungs. Lungs are pulverized in liquid nitrogen before lysis. Rats[2] The male RccHan:WIST rats (10-week-old) are received a single oral dose of Osimertinib (AZD-9291) (200 mg/kg). Blood glucose levels are measured using an Accuchek Active meter. Serum insulin concentrations are determined using a commercial rat ELISA kit.
References

[1]. Cross DA, et al. AZD9291, an irreversible EGFR TKI, overcomes T790M-mediated resistance to EGFR inhibitors in lung cancer. Cancer Discov. 2014 Sep;4(9):1046-61.

[2]. Finlay MR, et al. Discovery of a potent and selective EGFR inhibitor (AZD9291) of both sensitizing and T790M resistancemutations that spares the wild type form of the receptor. J Med Chem. 2014 Oct 23;57(20):8249-67.

 Chemical & Physical Properties

Density 1.20.1 g/cm3
Molecular Formula C28H33N7O2
Molecular Weight 499.607
Exact Mass 499.269562
PSA 87.55000
LogP 3.30
Index of Refraction 1.618

 Safety Information

HS Code 29339900

 Synonyms

2-Propenamide, N-[2-[[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]methylamino]-4-methoxy-5-[[4-(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-pyrimidinyl]amino]phenyl]-
Osimertinib
N-(2-{[2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl](methyl)amino}-4-methoxy-5-{[4-(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-pyrimidinyl]amino}phenyl)acrylamide
UNII-3C06JJ0Z2O
Mereletinib
AZD-9291